What is a bone marrow transplant? It is a medical procedure where the damaged or deceased bone marrow is being replaced. Any infection, disease or chemotherapy might be responsible for the destruction of it. With the procedure you go on to transplant blood cells, where it makes an entry to the bone marrow. Then they produce new blood cells which lead to the growth of the new bone marrow. You can refer the bone marrow to a spongy fatty tissue inside your bones. In fact they are also given the name of stem cells as well. You cannot differentiate any of the cells as they do go on to make a copy of themselves only.
With the help of a bone marrow, the old cells are being replaced with new ones. Your body finds itself in a position to produce more white blood cells. In the process more and more red blood cells in order to cut away from infections as well. You can take out the healthy cells from your own body or that of the donor as well. If that is the case the stem cells you can go on to harvest it before radiation or chemotherapy starts. Then you go on to store the healthy cells which is further used for the process of transplantation. The main reason why this process is undertaken would be when the bone marrow is not healthy for it to function properly. It could be due to cancer treatment or any form of chronic infections as well.
There are various types of bone marrow transplant. Though it would depend on the type of transplant you need in the first place.
Here you do go on to use the own stem cells of an individual. Your cells are being harvested before the process of radiation or chemotherapy begins. Once the treatment is over the own stem cells are returned back to the body. You need to take note of the fact that this form of transplant is not available always. This can be only being put to use if there is a healthy bone marrow. But there does pose the risk of serious types of complications at the same time.
Then there comes the allogeneic transplants. Here the donor cells are put to place. It should be one that matches with a donor. Ideally it needs to be a close relative to the person. This does not have to be the case as you can find a donor from a registry as well.
This is all the more so if you have a serious condition that has gone on to damage your bone marrow cells. But there are risks in terms of Infections at the same time. You need to be given medications so that it goes on to supress you immune system. It will not attack the new cells.
Always opt of the best bone marrow transplant in India as some of the best surgeons are found here.