What were the earliest uses of adhesives?

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Adhesives are an important part of modern living and are used in all manner of objects, from our cereal boxes to the car that we drive, as well as the furniture and the tools that we use every day. Adhesives really are everywhere!

Adhesives are in such common use because their bonding capabilities make them superior to more traditional bonding methods such as riveting and welding. Adhesives are now used in aerospace and automotive manufacturing, as well as furniture and appliances, but where did it all start. Adhesives are now used in aerospace and automotive manufacturing, as well as furniture and appliances, but where did it all start?

Tool making

Evidence has shown that the earliest uses of adhesives can be traced back to the use of birch resin to make an adhesive for attaching the heads of spears and axes during the Neolithic Period, approximately 10,000 years ago. Birch resin also seems to have been used in the manufacture of weapons during his period, as evidenced by Otzi, the Glacier man, who was discovered with such a tool.

Temple building

By around 5,000 BC, animal blood and protein were being mixed with plant resins and asphalt to make a glue that was used in the construction of temples and houses in Babylon. This mixture shows that more sophisticated manufacturing processes were being used, plant resins and asphalt to make a glue that was used in the construction of temples and houses in Babylon. This mixture shows that more sophisticated manufacturing processes were being used, as heating would also have been necessary to turn the mixture into an adhesive.

Ancient Egypt

By approximately 4,000 years ago, the Ancient Egyptians were using adhesives for many processes. There is evidence of adhesive being used in furniture making and the manufacture of caskets for the nobility. Evidence comes from the tombs of the Pharaohs where preservation has allowed scientists to investigate materials used in the construction of funeral artefacts. There is evidence of adhesive being used in furniture making and the manufacture of caskets for the nobility. Evidence comes from the tombs of the Pharaohs where preservation has allowed scientists to investigate materials used in the construction of funeral artefacts. The achievements of the Ancient Egyptians were incredible considering that they didn’t have modern metal bonding adhesive such as http://www.ct1ltd.com/product-applications/metal-to-metal-adhesive/.

Ancient Rome

Floor mosaics are a stunning example of the use of glue in Ancient Rome. Adhesives were also used in wall tiles, and so seemed to have been used in the Roman building industry. Following the fall of the Roman Empire, glue does not seem to have been used again following the fall of the Roman Empire, glue does not seem to have been used again until the sixteenth century.

However, with advances in science and woodworking, glue was back in use throughout Renaissance Europe. A greater knowledge of materials helped to develop different adhesives from this period onwards, and adhesives have remained in heavy use ever since.

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